From Teach And Discover Wiki
Futsal is an indoor version of football (soccer). Its name is derived from the Portuguese futebol de salão and the Spanish fútbol sala/de salón, which can be translated as 'indoor football'; however, this is not to be confused with modern indoor football which is played in a court of artificial grass enclosed by walls that are used during the game.
Futsal is played between two teams of five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. In addition each team may have seven substitutes. Unlike some other forms of indoor football, the court is delimited by lines, and not walls or boards that players can use to rebound the ball. Futsal is played with a smaller ball with less bounce than a football. The emphasis is on improvisation, creativity and technique as well as ball control and passing in small spaces.
History of Futsal
The origin of Futsal can be traced back to Montevideo Uruguay where in 1930 Juan Carlos Ceriani devised a five-a–side ball kicking game with adjusted size goals for youth competition in YMCAs. The game is played on basketball-sized courts, both indoors and outdoors without the use of sidewalls.
The international governing body FIFUSA (Federación Internacional de Fútbol de Salón, International Futsal Federation) was created in 1971 to administer the game, and held its first futsal world championship in São Paulo in 1982. Due to an apparent dispute with FIFA over the administration of fútbol, FIFUSA coined the word fut-sal in 1985.
FIFA soon began to administer its own indoor football games, creating its own version of the rules and hosting its first FIFA Indoor Soccer World Championship in 1989 in Rotterdam, Netherlands, in 1992 it was the FIFA Five-a-Side World Championship (Hong Kong) and since 1996 it has been called the FIFA Futsal World Championship (Guatemala). One of the most remarkable changes was the reduction of the ball weight and increase in ball size (from a handball size to a football size 4), which enabled faster play and, for the first time, scoring goals with the head (though this is still difficult and uncommon).
In 2004, members of PANAFUTSAL (La Confederación Panamericana de Futsal, The Pan-American Futsal Confederation) formed AMF (Asociación Mundial de Fútbol de Salón, World Futsal Association), an international futsal governing body independent of FIFA. Both FIFA and AMF continue to administer the game.
Some professional players start out with futsal to build fundamental skills. Brazilian players Ronaldinho, Robinho, Ronaldo, Rivaldo, Juninho and many more started out playing futsal. In Brazil, the majority of children start out with Futsal rather than association football since it requires less space and many schools in the country do not have a field to play traditional association football. There are also some notable players like Falcão (Alessandro Rosa Vieira) who continue to play futsal at the club level. Iranian Vahid Shamsaie has scored the most goals in futsal history. He has helped Iran win every AFC futsal championship except one.
The FIFA rules with which Futsal is governed are given below.
Click on the calendars below to see the 2008 - 2009 RHS Futsal season calendars.
Possible logos that may be used for the coming RHS soccer team or for the 2008-2009 RHS Futsal League are below.
Home-made Futsal Goals
I thought I'd add a page in here for how I made the Futsal goals. That way if I (or anyone who searches to here) ever needed to make another set of futsal goals in the future, I'd have all my plans and specifications here.
These goals can be customized to fit any situation and can be made for a small fraction of the cost of purchasing the goals from a company. The nets, however, are the most expensive part of the operation. They're difficult to hand-make, so I bought my nets from Epic Sports. They cost about $25 USD, and were shipped directly. I made these goals to fit the nets, not the exact regulation futsal size (6'7" by 9'7" or 2 meters by 3 meters). The nets come measured at 6.5 feet by 12 feet, so that's what I made the goals to measure.
Each goal will require 150 feet of tubing (15 sticks of 10 ft.). Using the mitre saw to cut the pieces (measure twice, cut once!), I cut the PVC into the following measurements:
- Base Pieces - 2 @ 64.5 inches
- Upright Pieces - 2 @ 75 inches
- Extensions - 4 @ 22 inches
- Crossbars - 2 @ 88.5 inches
- PVC Elbows - 6 @ 2-inch 90°
- PVC T-Joints - 4 @ 2-inch